Tuscany and Bologna seem to me to be the heart of Italy, from mountaintop villages to the mediaeval cities themselves. Lucca has spectacular walls and a garden tower, shorter than Bologna’s two towers but still offering an amazing climbs and views to match. Montefegatessi and Lucchio occupy spectacular positions, made more spectacular by the feats of architecture they’re engendered — including the tradition of placing rocks on the roof to protect the tiles from high winds in the former, and the Roman lookout fort in the latter.